我是马拉拉.epub

超级版主组 maslink 5月前 74

我是马拉拉.epub

豆瓣:https://book.douban.com/subject/26109489/

下载1:http://libgen.is/book/index.php?md5=6d7d01b6a860513104c6271b8a4f8e90

下载2:https://ebook.lorefree.com/book?bookid=24633

英文版:https://ebook.lorefree.com/book?bookid=25712

1,我的名字源自阿富汗最伟大的女中豪杰,来自迈万德地区的马拉莱。

迈万德血战:Battle of Maiwand - Wikipedia http://t.cn/RYuxXlm

迈万德血战中的阿富汗女英雄 Malalai of Maiwand - Wikipedia http://t.cn/RYuxdUR

2,两年后,弟弟胡沙尔出生了。因为父亲仍然负担不起医院的费用,他跟我一样是在家里出生的。他被命名为胡沙尔,与父亲的学校同名,源自于一位既是战士,也是诗人的普什图英雄:胡沙尔·汗·哈塔克。

胡沙尔·汗·哈塔克=Khushal Khattak

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khushal_Khattak

Khūshāl Khān Khaṭṭak (1613 – 25 February 1689; Pashto: خوشال خان خټک‎), also called Khushal Baba (Pashto: خوشال بابا‎), was an Afghan and Pashtun warrior, poet, chief, and freedom-fighter of the Khattak tribe of the Pashtuns.

Khushal is considered the "father of Pashto literature" and the national poet of Afghanistan.

3,我们来自优素福扎伊族。优素福扎伊族人源自坎大哈,是普什图部落中最大的一支,分布在巴基斯坦和阿富汗各处。

Yusufzai https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusufzai

The Yūsufzai, (literally "The descendants of Yusuf" (also spelled as Yousafzai), is a tribe of Pashtun people found in Pakistan, and in some eastern parts of Afghanistan, as well as in northern India.

4,在连续几个领导人都失败之后,1917年,头目们决定选派弥安戈·阿卜杜勒·瓦度担任他们的国王。我们敬仰地称他为“贝德山·沙哈卜”。虽然他是个文盲,却成功地为河谷地区带来了和平。从普什图人手中夺走他的来复枪就如同夺走他的性命。所以,他并没有解除部落的武力,反而在斯瓦特各处建造了碉堡,并且建立了一支军队。1926年,英军认定他为国家领袖,称为“瓦利”,意为“统治者”。他架设了第一套电话系统,兴建了第一所小学,并结束了沃许体制。在沃许体制下,人们不停地在村落间搬迁,土地无法交易,人们也没有愿望去建造较好的房屋或者种植果树。

弥安戈·阿卜杜勒·瓦度 = Miangul Abdul Wadud https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadud_of_Swat

Miangul Abdul Wadud (Urdu:ميانگل عبد الودود) was the Wāli of Swat and a descendant of the Akhund of Swat. He was elected Badshah Sahib (king) of Swat by a loya jirga held at Kabal in November 1918, and was recognized by the British authorities as ruler and formally installed as Wāli of Swat in Saidu Sharif on 3 May 1926. He ruled from 1918 to 1949, when he abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Miangul Jahan Zeb.

5,1949年,巴基斯坦建国两年后,他让位给自己的长子弥安戈·阿卜杜勒·哈克·杰哈兹布。父亲总是说:“贝德山·沙哈卜带给我们和平,他的儿子则为我们创造了繁荣。”我们认为杰哈兹布在位时,是我们历史上最辉煌的时期。他曾在白沙瓦接受英式教育。也许正是因为他的父亲是一名文盲,他对于教育更加关注。他兴建了许多学校、医院,并修造了许多道路。20世纪50年代,他终止了部落首领向人民课税的制度。但当时,人们没有言论自由,如果有谁批评了瓦利,可能会遭到被逐出河谷地区的惩罚。到了1969年,也就是我父亲出生的那年,瓦利放弃统治权,我们变成了巴基斯坦西北边疆的一个省。几年前,这个省改名为开伯尔-普什图省。

弥安戈·阿卜杜勒·哈克·杰哈兹布 = Jahan Zeb of Swat https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jahan_Zeb_of_Swat

Miangul Jahan Zeb HPk, HQA, CIE[1] (ميانگل جهان زيب: اردو) (5 June 1908 - 14 September 1987), formally Miangul Abdul-Haqq Jahan Zeb, was the Wāli of Swat, a princely state that is now part of Pakistan, from 1949 to 1969. He succeeded his father, Wadud of Swat. He is remembered for building schools, hospitals and roads, but also for his absolute rule over the region, which ended when Pakistan took control of Swat after local unrest.[2][3][4] Jahan Zeb also worked to protect the landmarks of previous cultures.

7,Abdul Ghaffar Khan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Ghaffar_Khan

Pashtun independence activist who worked to end the rule of the British Raj in India. He was a political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition; he was a lifelong pacifist and devout Muslim.

8,齐亚哈克将军:Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Zia-ul-Haq

齐亚哈克政变推翻的 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zulfikar_Ali_Bhutto

9,原文:住在瑟雾的是古扎尔人、科希斯坦人和米安人。对我们来说,米安人算是文明人,而古扎尔人和科希斯坦人则被我们称为“山番”,大多是照顾水牛的乡下人。

古扎尔人可能是 Gurjar https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurjar

科希斯坦人可能是 Dardic people https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dardic_people

米安人 Mian (tribe) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mian_(tribe)

10,原文“我们普什图人都不能拒绝任何亲戚或朋友。我们不在乎隐私,也没有来访前事先预约的习惯。访客可以随性地不请自来,想待多久就待多久。”

11,Muhammad Iqbal https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Iqbal

1877-1938,widely known as Allama Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the "Spiritual Father of Pakistan." He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature,[4] with literary work in both Urdu and Persian.

12,Shaka Laka Boom Boom 印度一个儿童系列剧,类似于神笔马良,男主画的东西可以成真。https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaka_Laka_Boom_Boom

13,Purdah https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purdah 南亚地区限制女性自由的一种陋习

14,Ahmadiyya https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya 19世纪才成立的一个教派

15,巴基斯坦国父,阿里真纳是什叶派。

16,Nek Muhammad Wazir https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nek_Muhammad_Wazir

Nek Muhammad Wazir (Pashto: نیک محمد وزیر‎, also Nek Mohammed; 1975 – June 18, 2004) was a prominent Pakistani mujahideen or jihadi leader. He was killed in a US drone strike in South Waziristan, FATA, Pakistan in 2004. This was the first CIA drone strike inside Pakistan.

17,2005 克什米尔地震 2005 Kashmir earthquake https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Kashmir_earthquake

The Pakistani government's official death toll as of November 2005 stood at 87,350 although it is estimated that the death toll could reach over 100,000. Approximately 138,000 were injured and over 3.5 million rendered homeless. According to government figures, 19,000 children died in the earthquake, most of them in widespread collapses of school buildings. The earthquake affected more than 500,000 families. In addition, approximately 250,000 farm animals died due to collapse of stone barns, and more than 500,000 large animals required immediate shelter from the harsh winter.

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1,Fazlullah (militant leader) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlullah_(militant_leader)

2,Dupatta https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dupatta

Dupatta, Chunari, Chunariya, or Audhani, is a shawl-like scarf, women's traditionally essential clothing from the Indian subcontinent. The dupatta is currently used most commonly as part of the women's shalwar kameez costume, and worn over the kurta and the gharara.

3,贵霜帝国 Kushan Empire https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kushan_Empire

4,Lal Masjid, Islamabad https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lal_Masjid,_Islamabad

Siege of Lal Masjid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Lal_Masjid

The Siege of Lal Masjid (Urdu: لال مسجد محاصرہ‎, code-named Operation Sunrise) was a confrontation in July 2007 between Islamic fundamentalists and the Government of Pakistan, led by President Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. The focal points of the operation were the Lal Masjid ("Red Mosque") and the Jamia Hafsa madrasah complex in Islamabad, Pakistan.

5,Baitullah Mehsud https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baitullah_Mehsud

6,Liaquat Ali Khan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat_Ali_Khan

巴基斯坦首任总理,死于暗杀。

7,古尔马凯的日记,Gul Makai (Urdu for cornflower) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gul_Makai_(disambiguation)

还有一部印度电影:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gul_Makai

8,Yousaf Raza Gillani 巴基斯坦总理 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yousaf_Raza_Gillani

9,Muslim Khan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_Khan

Muslim Khan is a Pakistani militant and former spokesman for the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan chapter based in Swat.

10,Pir Baba https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pir_Baba

Sayyid Ali Tirmizi (Pashto: سيد علي ترمذي‎), more commonly known as Pir Baba (پير بابا), was a Sufi who settled in Buner (present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan) among the Yusufzai Pashtuns. He was probably born in 908 AH (1502 CE), in Fergana (present-day Uzbekistan), of Sayyid descent, died in AH 991 (1583 CE). He was a supporter of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and was an opponent of Bayazid Pir Roshan.

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1,Faisal Mosque https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faisal_Mosque

Construction of the mosque began in 1976 after a $120 million grant from Saudi King Faisal, whose name the mosque bears.

2,Asia Bibi blasphemy case https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia_Bibi_blasphemy_case

3,Salman Taseer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salman_Taseer

Pakistani businessman and a liberal politician, who served as the 26th Governor of Punjab from 2008 until his assassination in 2011.

4,Raymond Allen Davis incident https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Allen_Davis_incident

On January 27, 2011, Davis killed two reportedly armed men in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

5,Muhajir people https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhajir_people

The Muhajir people (also spelled Mahajir and Mohajir) (Urdu: مہاجر‎) are Muslim immigrants, of multi-ethnic origin, and their descendants, who migrated from various regions of India to Pakistan, after the independence of Pakistan. Although many of them speak different languages at the native level, they are primarily identified as native Urdu speakers and hence are called Urdu-speaking people. The term Muhajirs generally refers to those Muslim migrants from India who settled in urban Sindh.

6,Shad Begum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shad_Begum

She was awarded with the International Women of Courage Award by the US First Lady Michelle Obama and the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Thursday 8 March 2012. The area where she comes from is very conservative and there are very few working women. She had requested several news reporters not to spread the news because of security reasons.

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1,Arfa Karim https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arfa_Karim

书中提到的计算机神童,16岁时英年早逝

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1,我爱贝克汉姆 Bend It Like Beckham (2002) https://movie.douban.com/subject/1302776/

作为一个居住英国的印度裔少女,杰西有过人的足球天赋,她热爱足球,狂热迷恋贝克汉姆,房间里面贴满了小贝的照片。她的梦想就是能像小贝一样成为出色的球员。然而,这一切在印度家庭都是不被允许的。

2,Adnan Rashid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adnan_Rashid

普什图,曾在巴基斯坦军队服役,曾试图谋杀巴基斯坦总理穆沙拉夫,被判死刑,后因所在监狱被塔利班占领而得到释放。

Rashid wrote a letter to teenage education activist Malala Yousafzai, who was shot in the head by the Taliban, saying that he wished that the attack had not happened, but told her that she was targeted because she speaks against the Taliban.


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